KOREAN

Special Olympic Games

Special Olympic World Summer Games

Special Olympic Games was originally created to help people with intellectual impairments and to persue a personal realization. In March 1963, Ms. Eunice Kennedy Shriver started a day camp for people with intellectual impairments in her own home. The purpose of this day camp was to find the participants’ potential through various sports and physical activities. As the day camp grew in popularity, and with the support of Joseph, P. Kennedy Jr. Foundation, it soon developed into a regional organization. The camp slowly grew to a state-level organization eventually extending internationally to be known today as the Special Olympic Games. In 1977, Special Olympic Games was introduced into Korea by Seong-su Kim, the principal of St. Bedero school and an epicospal bishop. Mr. Kim founded the Special Olympics Korea in May 1978 and put all his effort in promoting this committee nationally. He dispatched athletes to the fifth (Aug. 1978) and the sixth (Jul. 1983) International Special Olympic Games, to the 10th (May. 1978) Asia-Pacific Special Olympic Games, and to the first (Oct. 1981) and the second (Nov. 1982) Japan Special Olympic Games as well.
Despite his efforts, the committee was neither approved as an organization nor was it developed into a national level committee. The obstacles lied on the fact that the athletes he had dispatched were limited to the students of St. Peter’s School. To overcome this limitation Special Olympics Korea was reorganized in September 1985 with the input of The Special Olympics International. This resulted in Korea’s participation in the seventh and the eighth World Games. In the seventh Special Olympic Games, 35 people (14 athletes and 21 officers) participated and won 4 gold medals from athletics and 2 bronze medals from football. In the eighth games where 32 athletes, 15 officers, and 5 volunteers participated, the committee obtained an outstanding result both qualitatively and quantitatively, winning total 24 medals-10 golds (athletics 6, swimming 3, and table tennis 1), 6 silvers (athletics 3, swimming 1, and table tennis 2), and 8 bronzes (athletics 5, swimming 2, and table tennis 1).

Special Olympic World Summer Gamess
No YEAR HOST CITY PARTICIPATION
(Countries/Participants)
TEAM KOREA PARTICIPATION
Total(Athletes/Coaches)
14th 2015 Los Angeles, USA 177Countries/6,500 133(94/39)
13th 2011 Athens, Greece 185Countries/7,500 111(31/80)
12th 2007 Shanghai, China 164Countries/7,291 50(15/35)
11th 2004 Dublin, Ireland 150Countries/6,500 40(11/29)
10th 1999 North Carolina, USA 100Countries/7,000 30(8/22)
9th 1995 Connecticut, USA 143Countries/7,000
8th 1991 Minnesota, USA 101Countries/6,000
7th 1987 Indiana, USA 82Countries/5,000
6th 1983 Louisiana, USA 51Countries/4,000
5th 1979 New York, USA 16Countries/2,500
4th 1975 Michigan, USA 10Countries/2,000
3rd 1972 Los Angeles, USA 4Countries/1,500
2nd 1970 Chicago, USA 4Countries/2,000
1st 1968 Chicago, USA 3Countries/1,000

Special Olympic World Winter Games

Special Olympic World Winter Games
No YEAR HOST CITY PARTICIPATION
(Countries/Participants)
TEAM KOREA PARTICIPATION
Total(Athletes/Coaches)
10th 2013 PyeongChang,
Rep. of Korea
111Countries/3,300 247(68/179)
9th 2009 Boise, USA 100Countries/2,750 94(31/63)
8th 2005 Nagano, Japan 86Countries/1,800 44(16/28)
7th 2001 Anchorage, Alaska 70Countries/1,800 36(11/25)
6th 1997 Toronto, Canada 73Countries/2,000 19(9/10)
5th 1993 Salzburg, Austria 50Countries/1,600
4th 1989 Nevada, USA 18Countries/1,000
3rd 1985 Utah, USA 14Countries/-
2nd 1981 Vermond, USA -/600
1st 1977 Colorado, USA -/500